If you are looking for unique attractions or not really normal sightseeing spot, you definitely drop here. Here is not only sightseeing spot, you can study the precious long history of Japan. Try to come here!
“100 holes of Yoshimi,” the Yoshimi Hyaku ana National Historic Site preserves 219 ancient tombs carved into a soft sandstone hillside between the sixth and seventh centuries. The place is located in Saitama, close to Higashimatsuyama station (about 1hour from central Tokyo by train). After the holes were rediscovered in the 1880s, the first Japanese archaeologist to work there believed they had been cave dwellings. However, further research in the 1920s showed they were burial sites.
The graves are similar to more common tunnel tombs found throughout Japan. However, the Yoshimi site is special because so many have been dug together in a single hillside. Unfortunately, most of the records and objects from the original excavations have been lost so many questions about the site will never be answered. Experts nonetheless believe that the tombs were dug for the internment of powerful leaders of regional clans and for Chinese and Koreans who settled in Japan to introduce continental Asian culture.
Staircases now lead to walking paths up and around the hill. The 10-minute climb to the top allows visitors to get a close-up view and access to several of the tombs. Despite differences in size, most share a basic common form, with a small hole providing entry to a square room with a 10- to 20-cm-high platform for the body carved out of the wall. Some tombs, with two platforms, were dug for the interment of multiple bodies.
In 1945, the Japanese government tried putting the area to another use. Between 3,000 and 3,500 conscripted Korean laborers were made to dig a series of large tunnels into the hillside for an underground Nakajima aircraft-engine factory safe from American bombers. However, the war ended before the factory entered production.
Lately, visitors can explore about 10 percent of those wartime tunnels. Gates block off the rest of the extensive tunnel system that extends far into the surrounding hills and includes wells and even toilets.
By the way, the park’s admission fee also includes access to two museums. One small one has Japanese explanations of the area’s history and a diorama of Matsuyama Castle, which formerly stood atop a nearby hill. The newer and larger Yoshimi Town Archaeological Center displays artifacts recovered from the tombs, as well as tools, pottery and other items from the Jomon and Kofun eras spanning 2,500 B.C. to A.D. 600. It’s quite interesting definitely! Please check it out!
300yen, 200yen(under 12years old)